Water is one of the necessities without which no life can survive on the earth. Water is something that directly generates from nature and hence tends to be pure but the purity diminishes as it passes on from one source to another finally to be used for drinking purpose.
Most of the time, the water tends to be contaminated by foreign elements and different micro organisms in course of transmission. There are several pollutants, chemicals and minerals that make the water unsuitable for drinking. Therefore the need for setting up a water treatment plant arises. There is several water treatment processes associated with making the water suitable for drinking and public use.
The treatment processes are been invented for saving the precious natural resource from getting depleted. As it is something as essential as oxygen for survival of life hence there can be no compromise with it. The increase in population around the world calls for availability of more water hence, stringent procedures are to be performed in order to make water drinkable. Otherwise, it won’t be any way possible to meet the growing requirements.
The processes of water treatment are backed by different equipments in order to purify the water perfectly from all pollutants, chemicals, minerals and microbes. The processes include chlorination, coagulation, disinfection, sedimentation and filtration and there are umpteen other functions that are involved in order to give you the access to the purest of water available.
Here are some of the popular forms of water treatment plants offering the access to pure water for drinking and other purposes.
Packaged drinking water plant: In these plants, the COD level of the water is reduced in order to purify it. The main processes involved include precipitation, coagulation, ion exchange and reverse osmosis. River and lake water are mostly treated here and the solids suspended in them are removed well.
Waste water treatment plant: The waste water from industries, factories and homes are accumulated to treat in these plants. The process is mainly meant for reusing the water for different purposes but not drinking anyway.
Mobile plants: Used for treating ground or surface water especially during calamities or emergencies.